Fiber Optic Installer’s Field Manual – 2nd Edition

Fiber Optic Installer’s Field ManualFiber Optic Installer's Field Manual Book Cover

For hands-on help with fiber optic cabling, you can’t beat this practical guide. Inside, veteran fiber optics engineer Bob Chomycz provides fully illustrated answers to every question likely to arise on your job. You’ll find clear-cut information that speeds projects along and stops mistakes before they happen.

Author: Bob Chomycz
Publisher: McGraw-Hill
ISBN: 0-07-181867-7

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Table of Content

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 The Fiber Optic Revolution
1.2 Basic Transmission
1.3 Advantages and Disadvantages
1.4 Applications

Chapter 2 Properties of Light

2.1 Electromagnetic Spectrum
2.2 Light Propagation

Chapter 3 Optical Fiber

3.1 Optical Fiber Composition
3.2 Multimode Fiber
3.2.1 Multimode Fiber Types
3.3 Single-Mode FIBER
3.3.1 Single-Mode Fiber Types
3.4 Light Transmission In Fiber
3.4.1 Fiber Core-Cladding Profiles
3.5 Optical Signal Loss
3.5.1 Bend Loss
3.5.2 Splice and Connector Loss
3.5.3 Loss Inherent to Fiber
3.5.4 Loss Resulting from Fiber Fabrication
3.5.5 Fresnel Reflection
3.6 Fiber Bandwidth Limiting Effects
3.6.1 Multimode Dispersion (Modal Dispersion)
3.6.2 Chromatic Dispersion
3.6.3 Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD)
3.6.4 Nonlinear Effects
3.7 Matching Optical Fibers
3.8 Optical Fiber Specification Example

Chapter 4 Fiber Optic Cables

4.1 Outdoor Cables
4.1.1 Loose Tube Cable
4.1.2 Figure 8 Cable
4.1.3 Armored Cable
4.1.4 Ribbon Cable
4.1.5 Loose Tube Cable Configuration
4.2 Indoor Cables
4.2.1 Tight-Buffered Cable
4.2.2 Distribution Cable
4.2.3 Breakout Cable (Fan Out Cable)
4.2.4 Fiber Optic Jumper (Patch Cord)
4.3 Other Cable Types
4.3.1 Self-Supporting Aerial Cable
4.3.2 Submarine Cable
4.3.3 Optical Ground Wire (OPGW)
4.4 Cable Rating
4.4.1 OFNP Cable
4.4.3 OFNR Cable
4.4.4 OFCR Cable
4.4.5 OFNG Cable
4.4.6 OFCG Cable
4.4.7 OFN Cable
4.4.8 OFC Cable
4.4.9 LSZH /  LS0H Cable
4.4.10 Outside Plant and Unmarked Cables
4.5 Cable Composition
4.6 Cable Crush Performance
4.7 Fiber Optic cable Specification Example

Chapter 5 Fiber Optic Cable Procurement

Chapter 6 Safety Precautions

6.1 Cutting and Stripping Cable
6.2 Optical Fiber Pieces
6.3 Laser Light
6.4 Cable Tension
6.5 Solvents and Cleaning Solutions
6.6 Fusion Splicer
6.7 Confined Spaces

Chapter 7 Handling Fiber Optic Cable

7.1 Minimum Bend Radius
7.2 Pulling Tension
7.3 General Care

Chapter 8 Outdoor Fiber Optic Cable Installation

8.1 Buried Installation
8.2 Cable Ducts
8.3 Duct Lubricant
8.4 Pulling Tape
8.5 Cable Installation in Ducts
8.6 Aerial Installation

Chapter 9 Indoor Cable Installation

9.1 LAN Cable Installation
9.1.1 Horizontal Cabling
9.1.2 Backbone Cable
9.1.3 Work Area Cable
9.1.4 Telecommunication Closet
9.1.5 Equipment Room
9.1.6. Entrance Facility
9.1 Conduits and Cable Trays
9.2 Pull Boxes
9.3 Vertical Installations
9.4 Building Routes
9.5 General cable Installation Procedure

Chapter 10 Fiber Optic Cable General Installation Guide

Chapter 11 Splicing and Termination

11.1 Splice Enclosures
11.2 Splice Trays
11.3 Patch Panels
11.4 Splicing
11.5 Optical Fiber Termination
11.5.1 Field-Installable Connector
11.5.2 Pigtail Termination
11.6 Fiber Optic Cable Termination
11.6.1Termination Without Enclosure
11.6.2 Termination in a Splice Enclosure
11.6.3 Patch Panel Termination

Chapter 12 Patch Cords and Connectors

12.1 Patch Cords
12.2 Optical Fiber Connectors
12.2.1 Legacy Connectors
12.2.2 Obsolete Connectors
12.2.3 Small Form Factor (SFF) Connectors
12.2.3 Specialty Connectors
12.3 Connector Polish
12.4 Cleaning Connectors
12.5  Connector Inspection

Chapter 13 Optical Fiber Power Loss and Measurement

13.1 Loss
13.2 Measurement Equipment
13.3 Patch Cord Losses
13.4 Fiber Optic Cable Span Loss Measurement
13.5 DWDM and CWDM Channel Loss and Power Measurement
13.6 Optical Return Loss (ORL) Measurement

Chapter 14 The OTDR and OSA

14.1 The OTDR
14.1.1 Test Equipment For OTDR Measurement
14.1.2 Typical OTDR Measurement Method
14.1.3 Reading OTDR Events
14.1.4 Determining Event Location
14.1.5 OTDR Ghosts
14.2 The OSA

Chapter 15 Fiber Optic Installation Tests

15.1 Fiber Optic Cable Test
15.1.1 Reel Test
15.1.2 Splice and Installation Test
15.1.3 Acceptance Test
15.1.4 Acceptance Criteria
15.2 Bit Error Rate Test
15.3 Receiver Sensitivity (Threshold) Test
15.4 Fiber Characterization

Chapter 16 Lightwave Equipment

16.1 Fiber Optic Transceivers
16.1.1 Transmitter
16.1.2 Receiver
16.1.3 Connecting Laser Transceivers to Multimode Fiber
16.1.4 Pluggable Transceivers
16.2 Optical Modem/Media Converter
16.3 Multiplexer System
16.4 Optical Amplifier
16.4.1 EDFA Amplifier
16.4.2 SOA Amplifier
16.4.3 RAMAN Amplifier
16.4.4 Amplifier Common Specifications
16.5 Optical Regenerator

Chapter 17 WDM and Other Passive Optical Equipment

17.1 Cross-Band WDM
17.2 CWDM
17.3 DWDM
17.4 WDM Parameters
17.5 Optical Coupler
17.4 Optical Switch
17.5 Optical Attenuator
17.6 Optical Isolator

Chapter 18 SONET/SDH

18.1 SONET Architecture
18.1.1 Linear Architecture
18.1.2 Ring Architecture

Chapter 19 Ethernet over Fiber

19.1 Common Ethernet Standards

Chapter 20 Fiber System Deployment

20.1 Office Environment
20.2 Industrial Environment
20.3 Fiber Optic Modem Deployment
20.3 Ethernet
20.4 FDDI

Chapter 21 Maintenance

21.1 Non Service Affecting Maintenance
21.2 Service Affecting Maintenance
21.3 Sparing Equipment

Chapter 22 Emergency Cable Repair

Chapter 23 Network Documentation

23.1 Installation Documentation
23.2 Maintenance Documentation

Chapter 24 Troubleshooting

Chapter 25 Design Fundamentals

25.1 Cable Selection
25.2 Optical Budget Calculation
25.3 Optical Modulation Amplitude (OMA)
25.4 Multimode Fiber LAN Planning
25.4 Single-Mode Fiber Planning
25.5.1 Polarization Mode Dispersion
25.5.2 Chromatic Dispersion
25.5 Optical Fiber Topologies

Chapter 26 Personnel

Chapter 27 Dark Fiber Leasing

27.1 Dark Fiber Lease Considerations

APPENDIX A Symbols, Abbreviations and Glossary of Terms

APPENDIX B Fiber Bands and WDM Channel Assignments

B.1 Fiber Bands
B.2 WDM Channel Assignments

APPENDIX C Useful Formulae

APPENDIX D Units and Measurement Accuracy

D.1 Units
D.2 Measurement Accuracy

APPENDIX E Fiber Types

APPENDIX F-1 10 Mbps to 1 Gbps Transceivers

APPENDIX F-2 10G Transceivers (Standard IEEE 802.3)

APPENDIX F-3 40G Transceivers (Standard IEEE 802.3)

APPENDIX F-4 100G Transceivers (Standard IEEE 802.3)

APPENDIX G Standards

APPENDIX H MoP

APPENDIX I Fiber Cable Color Codes

APPENDIX J Fiber Optic Records
 
APPENDIX K WDM Summary

APPENDIX L ITU-T G.709 OTN Summary

INDEX